The Spanish had been the first European rival to find a route travelling westwards. The fact that the Americas lay in between Europe and Asia by this route was an added complication. Eventually a southern route around the Cape Horn was discovered, but it was so treacherous and arduous that it was not really a viable option for the frail ships of the Sixteenth Century.
Although I did not take part in these projects at the time, I understood the necessity to prepare students for a future in which our societies would become increasingly older due to declining fertility rates and rising life expectancy through which the number of people aged 60 years and over had multiplied sincereaching hundreds of millions worldwide.
Accordingly, it was good that there was a growing focus on people in their later life and their way of living, which has ever since led to a lot of research, both practical and theoretical.
However, when I was recently confronted personally with the current state of care for the elderly, I realized that there is still a lot to improve, invent, innovate, and discuss when it comes to the way old people in the need of care live, particularly in a society that is ever more individualized, lacking traditional family models in which such care used to take place.
That is why we want to dedicate an entire new issue of MONU to a topic that we call "Late Life Urbanism" and which we want to investigate on an architectural level, but on the level of the city too Being a filmmaker, he points out that moving images in this day and age are particularly effective forms of communication as they have the capacity to make people want to engage.
For him, filmmaking is a very useful process that taught him how to talk to people, how to listen to people, how to observe spaces critically and with an open mind, in order to understand the unique urban dynamics that make every space special and worthy of care Discover Eastern European Architecture and Urbanism.
Being a fresh graduate and only being part of the work force for collectively under a year, I've begun to understand that these relationships must be tailored per architect, firm, client, project, etc. After reading MONU's issue 28 "Client-shaped Urbanism", it begun to open my eyes to how both a client or architect may feel they are being mistreated in certain situations and projects.
Obviously, clients and architects mutually want a smooth relationship but understanding perspective, balance, and experience can affect the connection between the two.
In university, we are often told to put ourselves in the shoes of the user when thinking of our projects. That empathy begins to that help further our designs, so understanding perspective is highly important.
In the first article, "Sympathy for the Devil" was striking and enjoyable to read for fact that it was written in a different perspective that wasn't directly architecture, but still very relatable.
It was intriguing because it made the reader not only wear the "devil's" shoes but feel insecure about the situation unfolding, which ended up being the clients experience redefined. It really starts off the issue with a perspective, we as architects, have most likely not experienced firsthand and introduces the thoughts of a client.
Other articles in this issue, give more insight of what a client hopes to expect for their experiences and what not, for example the article "What Client Wants".
The interviews are what I found the most informative for myself, mainly because they were raw discussions of what they believe is happening to our industry without all the unnecessary fluff. Their experiences with different clients, project managers, competitions, etc.
The "Behind the Scenes: A Conversation with my Client" was a relief from some of other articles negativity of why we fail to have a balanced relationship between client and architect. This conversation expands on the success of a healthy client-architect relationship and what they look for in each other.
This is why they have successful projects and relationships.
Not everyone can find a perfect client though and "Expectation and Reality" begins to address the humour of the reality of our career.
These comic strips were a great comical relief in the issue. Even being a newbie to the workforce of the architecture world, I can already relate to some of these comics.
|The Minor in Anthropology||Culture and Environment 3 Elective courses:|
|| General Education, leslutinsduphoenix.com||Although Bernheim did not explicitly talk about virtue, the article shows that his Lehrbuch nonetheless considers self-distanciation a matter of virtuous behavior, targeted at an aim that may not be fully realizable, but ought to be pursued with all possible vigor. Focusing on some of its most important spokespeople, the paper shows that they start from the historicist presupposition that distance can in principle be overcome by a reconstruction of the original intentions of the framers of the Constitution.|
I even passed along the magazine to show these images to a couple of my peers and co-workers to give them a good chuckle. Even the reality of the concept sketch to construction sequence of sketches is too relatable; especially coming out of college with bright hopeful eyes for design opportunities and being dragged back down to the reality for normal projects with low budgets.
Speaking of university again, quite a few articles brought up the architecture education and how to maybe improve our understanding of clients. Speculating on a Human Centred Architectural Pedagogy" as well, we are trained more to focus on the user and how they experience the space and less on the client specifically.
These two people may overlap or could have nothing to do with each other, so giving more experience on that could be more thought-provoking for design concepts. Alejandro Zaera-Polo mentions in the article "Project Managers and the End of the Dominatrix Architect" that they think that maybe we should introduce more client managing classes in universities, which I think having the option is actually an interesting thought.
To be exposed a little more to the reality and what to look out for, would be a little more helpful for some students. At the same time, Stefan Paeleman mentioned in "Not all about Beauty" had an opposing view, that university is the time to "have a certain freedom, and maybe to dream a little more" and that it could "deprive" students from creativity.
In one way I agree with this statement, but in another way, it could force students to be more collaborative and a find an alternative method to be creative, like the idea of "Human Centred Architectural Pedagogy" introduced by Pajerski.
These discussions of education over multiple articles is something I would like to see more of in the future as it will shape how to alter our profession for the better. This issue really captured the right amount of views on how clients shape our designs for the good and the bad and how architects can do better with our relationships with the clients through perspective, balance, and experience.Robert Putnam’s new book, “Our Kids: The American Dream in Crisis” (Simon & Schuster), is an attempt to set the statistics aside and, instead, tell a story.
ANTH CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (3) Provides an introduction to the field of cultural anthropology, the study of human cultural variation throughout the world, both past and present.
Beyond the Horizon: Chronoschisms and Historical Distance. HANS KELLNER. History and Theory, Theme Issue 50 (December ), Historical distance presents more complex issues than simply evaluating the meaning of the temporal span between a point .
Intervention in social processes like schooling and social welfare became necessary in order to effectively manage state capitalism. The school also analyzed the emergence of mass media, which developed sophisticated modes of persuasion and manipulation in order to create a more compliant and agreeable citizenry.
Drake sailed to the Caribbean a number of times in the s and was the first Englishman to set eyes on the Pacific Ocean whilst attempting to reconnoitre the overland trans-shipment routes for the Spanish treasure ships (which he successfully captured at Nombre de Dios in ).
How to design a modern business model. The complexities and transformations of today’s world are forcing organisations to evolve their business models to keep up with change – and seize the advantage.