The recent strong demand for renewable fuels has resulted in tremendous increased production of biofuels worldwide. MPOB has now become one of the successful technology providers for the production of biodiesel with the building of its first commercial plant in The homegrown palm biodiesel production technology is comparable if not better than overseas technologies. This is due to the in-depth understanding of the indigenous properties and characteristics of palm oil.
One of its uses is as a raw material in the production of palm oil—based biodiesel fuel. The example highlighted some of the major benefits and challenges of Palm biodiesel biofuels.
The climate of these two countries is particularly well suited for the growing of palm oil, Hisham Hashim said. There have been attempts to grow palm oil in countries farther north, such as Cambodia, but it is Palm biodiesel only in the southern part of the country because it is too dry farther north.
Although the palm oil is not native to Malaysia—it was brought over from Africa—it is now well established, and it serves as both a food crop and a cash crop. It is now second to Indonesia, which has much more area available to grow the palms.
Init exported The Malaysian government has identified the palm oil industry as 1 of the 12 national key economic areas to spearhead its economic transformation program, whose goal is to transform Malaysia into a developed nation by The growth strategy for the palm oil industry is not to increase the acreage being planted with palm oil, but rather to increase production to 6 metric tons per hectare per year.
The government would like to increase the amounts of these value-added products. World palm oil production more than tripled between andso the global demand the palm oil products is very strong. Its traditional use has been as cooking oil, but it is now used as a food additive and an industrial lubricant as well as in the production of various cosmetic ingredients.
One particularly promising use is in the production of phytonutrients—plant-derived chemicals that are added to food which contribute to health. Recently, palm oil has been used as a feedstock in the production of biodiesel.
In response to a question about why the percentage should be just 5 percent, Hisham Hashim explained that it is simply an economic issue. Hence, it is better for palm oil producers to sell the product for uses other than biodiesel. Nonetheless, palm oil has several advantages as a potential biofuel source, Hisham Hashim said.
It has a larger yield than any other source of vegetable oil, for example at 3. When compared to petroleum-based diesel, biodiesel from palm oil has certain advantages in its physical and chemical characteristics, Hisham Hashim said.
For example, its sulfur content is much lower; this is an advantage because the sulfur dioxide release from the use of petroleum-based diesel is a serious atmospheric pollutant which can lead to acid rain and is hazardous to human health.
A recently developed variety of palm biodiesel has a very low pour point so that it pours more easily at cold temperatures, making it a possible product for use in colder climates. Palm biodiesel also has an advantage in its cetane number—which is analogous to the octane number for gasoline—when compared with petroleum-based diesel.
It also produces far less carbon residues, which means that it will leave less carbon build-up in a diesel engine than petroleum diesel. Palm biodiesel also has some physical and chemical disadvantages, such as a higher viscosity, a higher flashpoint, and a lower gross heat of combustion.
But all in all, Hisham Hashim said, the potential is there for palm biodiesel to be a valuable and promising product. One of the most intriguing products is the low-pour-point palm biodiesel, which is not yet being made on a production scale, but is showing a lot of promise.
To date, however, movement toward the production of palm oil biodiesel in Malaysia has been very slow.Located in Montes Claros, in the North of Minas Gerais, Darcy Ribeiro Biodiesel Power Plant has a production capacity of about million liters of biodiesel.
2 Case Study: The Palm Oil Example Palm oil accounts for 33 percent of all of the world’s production of vegetable oils, with soybean oil—at 27 percent—its nearest competitor. One of its uses is as a raw material in the production of palm oil–based biodiesel fuel.
Rapeseed oil, sunflower oil, and palm oil are major feedstocks for biodiesel produced in other countries. Biodiesel is most often blended with petroleum diesel in ratios of . Palm oil biodiesel meets the European EN standard for biodiesels. Hydrodeoxygenated biodiesel is produced by direct hydrogenolysis of the fat into alkanes and propane.
The world's largest palm oil biodiesel plant is the Finnish-operated Neste Oil biodiesel plant in Singapore. Rapeseed oil, sunflower oil, and palm oil are major feedstocks for biodiesel produced in other countries.
Biodiesel is most often blended with petroleum diesel in ratios of 2% (referred to as B2), 5% (B5), or 20% (B20). Palm oil as raw stock. Palm oil is the most prospective biodiesel feedstock compared to other oilseeds. As discussed earlier, palm oil has higher production yield, low fertilizer, water and pesticide needed for the plantation.