Attention must still be paid to further diversifying the electricity generation portfolio away from fossil fuels to include renewable energy sources and potentially more hydropower, and decreasing transmission and distribution losses.
Ilkhanate Empire of the Great Khan Yuan Dynasty Following this conquest administrative districts are established, which eventually become the territories of the Kazakh Khanate.
The Kazakhs emerge from a mixture of tribes living in the region in about the 15th century and by the middle of the 16th century had developed a common language, culture and economy. In the early s, the Kazakh Khanate separates into the Senior, Middle and Junior Hordes, confederations based on extended family networks.
Between and the khanate is under Dzungarian suzerainty. After the death of Khan Kaip I inseveral khans are elected in different parts of the Kazakh Khanate.
This means the final disunification of the khanate. Central Asia in At the disintegration of Russia in Kazakhstan proclaims independence. The area is invaded by Russian communists in and by Kazakhstan is under control of the Soviet Union. It is an autonomous republic within Russia since and it becomes a a seperate union member in For more maps see the Atlas of the Soviet Union.
Kazakhstan in the Soviet Union. Following the abortive coup attempt in Moscow and the subsequent dissolution of the USSR, Kazakhstan declared independence in as the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Old maps This section holds copies of original general maps more than 70 years old. The area shown on the map includes the entire territory of today's Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, almost all of Uzbekistan, eastern part of Turkmenistan, and south-eastern Kazakhstan.
Notes and references General remarks: The main page is therefore the portal to maps and cartography on Wikimedia. That page contains links to entries by country, continent and by topic as well as general notes and references.
Every entry has an introduction section in English. The text of the introduction s is based on the content of the Wikipedia encyclopedia. For sources of the introduction see therefore the Wikipedia entries linked to.
The same goes for the texts in the history sections. Historical maps are included in the continent, country and dependency entries. The status of various entities is disputed. See the content for the entities concerned. The maps of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the present-day country.
For example the Ottoman Empire can be found in the Atlas of Turkey. Kazakhstan - Respublika Kazakhstan.
Another used romanization is the ISO 9 standard. Entries available in the atlas General pages.Get an introduction to container networking by exploring Docker networking modes. Maintain a map of running containers and their locations with service discovery tools such as ZooKeeper and etcd.
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