Magazine Financial Statement Analysis:
Companies issue different types of business financial statements for a variety of reasons at a variety of times during the year. Public companies are required to issue audited financial statements to the public at least every quarter.
Non-public or private companies generally issue financial sheets to banks and other creditors for financing purposes. Many creditors will not agree to loan funds unless a company can prove that it is financially sound enough to make its future debt payments.
Both public and private companies issue at least 4 financial statements to attract new investors and raise funding for expansions. Interim financial statements are most commonly issued quarterly or semi-annually, but it is not uncommon for companies to issue monthly reports to creditors as part of their loan covenants.
Quarterly statements, as the name implies, are issued every quarter and only include financial data from that three-month span of time. Likewise, semi-annual statements include data from a six-month span of time.
Since these interim statements cover a smaller time period, they also track less financial history. Annual Statements The annual financial statement form is prepared once a year and cover a month period of financial performance.
A company with a June year-end would issue annual statements in July or August; where as, a company with a December year-end would issue statements in January or February. A CPA firm must always audit annual statements, but some interim statements can simply be reviewed by a qualified firm.
Financial statements are mainly prepared for external users. There users are people who are outside of the company or organization itself and need information about it to base their financial decisions on. These external users typically fall into four main categories: Investors Competitors Regulators Investors and creditors analyze this set of statements to base their financial decisions on.
They also look at extra financial reports like financial statement notes and the management discussion. The income statement and balance sheet accounts are compared with each other to see how efficiently a company is using its assets to generate profits. Company debt and equity levels can also be examined to determine whether companies are properly funding operations and expansions.
There is almost no limit to the amount of ratios that can be combined for analysis purposes. These ratios by themselves rarely give outside users and decision makers enough information to judge whether or not a company is fiscally sound, however. This is the starting point for all of the reports because it shows the asset, liability, and equity accounts at the beginning of the period.
From this starting point, we can add or subtract the operating activities reported on the income statement. This includes all revenues and expenses that the company incurred during the year. We also need to add or subtract the amount of money investors put contributed or withdrew from the company during the year.
Once all the operating, financing, and investing activities are added to the beginning balance sheet, investors, creditors, and management can analyze the ending balance sheet and see how well the company performed during the period. Here are the main financial sheets that are prepared by most companies.Different Types of Financial Statements Interim Statements.
Financial sheets that are issued for time periods smaller than one year are called interim statements because they are used as temporary statements to judge a company’s financial position until the full annual statements are issued.
The information in this paper will cover the financial statements of Home Depot. I will explain what each statement tells you about the business, why each statement is important to the business, and what business decisions can be made from looking at each statement%(19).
Statement of Financial Position Part 1-Financial Accounting-Exam Paper, Exams for Financial Accounting. Alagappa University. Alagappa University.
Financial Accounting, Economics. 5 pages. + Number of visits. Description. Financial Accounting course exam paper held at Alagappa University. It was designed by Prof. Dhavan Das.
Financial statements (or financial report) is a formal record of the financial activities and position of a business, person, or other entity.
Relevant financial information is presented in a structured manner and in a form easy to understand. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS PAPER PART I 2 Financial Statements Paper Part I Financial statements provide investors, creditors, and employees with vital information related .
This is the least used of the financial statements, and is commonly only included in the audited financial statement package.
When the financial statements are issued internally, the management team usually only sees the income statement and balance sheet, since these documents are relatively easy to prepare.