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Physical characteristics[ edit ] From left to right: Their slender legs support their weight on one digit which evolved from the middle digits. The penis of the male is vascular and lacks a bone baculum.
Equines are adapted for running and traveling over long distances. Their dentition is adapted for grazing ; they have large incisors that clip grass blades and highly crowned, ridged molars well suited for grinding. Males have spade-shaped canines "tushes"which can be used as weapons in fighting.
Equines have fairly good senses, particularly their eyesight. Their moderately long, erect ears are movable and can locate the source of a sound. These insects appear to be less attracted to striped coats, and compared to other wild equines, zebras live in areas with the highest fly activity.
The plains zebra lives in lush grasslands and savannas of Eastern and Southern Africa, while the mountain zebra inhabits mountainous areas of southwest Africa. The other equine species tend to occupy more arid environments with more scattered vegetation. The two Asian wild ass species live in the dry deserts of the Near East and Central Asia and Przwelski's wild horse's habitat is the deserts of Mongolia.
In certain parts of the world, populations of feral horses and feral donkeys exist, which are descended from domesticated animals that were released or escaped into the wild.
Compared to ruminantsequines have a simpler and less efficient digestive system. Nevertheless, they can subsist on lower-quality vegetation. After food is passed through the stomach, it enters the sac-like cecumwhere cellulose is broken down by micro-organisms.
Fermentation is quicker in equines than in ruminants - 30—45 hours for a horse compared to 70— hours for cattle. During the day, they sleep standing up, while at night they lie down. They regularly rub against trees, rocks, and other objects and roll in around in dust for protection against flies and irritation.
Except the mountain zebra, wild equines can roll over completely. Horses, plains zebras, and mountain zebras live in stable, closed family groups or harems consisting of one adult male, several females, and their offspring.
These groups have their own home rangeswhich overlap and they tend to be nomadic. The stability of the group remains even when the family stallion dies or is displaced.
Plains zebra groups gather into large herds and may create temporarily stable subgroups within a herd, allowing individuals to interact with those outside their group. Among harem-holding species, this behavior has only otherwise been observed in primates such as the gelada and the hamadryas baboon.
Females of harem species benefit as males give them more time for feeding, protection for their young, and protection from predators and harassment by outside males. Among females in a harem, a linear dominance hierarchy exists based on the time at which they join the group.(Un)Common Worlds PROGRAMME+ABSTRACTS.
TUESDAY 7 AUGUST. KEYNOTE Professor Erica Fudge, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (UK) Conversations with Cows in Early Modern England. Jacqui Fulton Equine Law is a firm dedicated to the vast and often complex legal field of the horse industry.
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Your Horse, Equine Infectious Anemia, and the Law To Rescue a Starving Horse Enacting a Helmet Ordinance. Equine Law & Horse Racing Equestrianism is a large sector in the UK and Ireland, with many passionate people involved with horses in many different contexts. As such, it is common for people to make various enquiries in relation to different aspects of equine law.
Equine Law Case Study We represented NH, who had entrusted the care of her teenage daughter’s horse to an equestrian farm. Our client's instructions were that the horse was only to be ridden under her direct supervision. In her absence and against our client’s explicit instructions the.
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These books have also been required reading material at equine studies programs around the country. with numerous statutory and case law citations that people working in the.