Rumors of a potential occupation by Soviet troops spread quickly. German communists demonstrated, rioted and attacked pro-West German leaders attending meetings for the municipal government in the Soviet sector. Over the following months this counter-blockade would have a damaging impact on East Germany, as the drying up of coal and steel shipments seriously hindered industrial development in the Soviet zone. Relying on Soviet goodwill after the war, Britain, France, and the United States had never negotiated an agreement with the Soviets to guarantee these land-based rights of access to Berlin through the Soviet zone.
It was when western countries delivered much needed food and supplies to the city of Berlin through the air because all other routes were blocked by the Soviet Union.
The capital of Germany, Berlin, was located in the Soviet Union zone, but control of this city was also split into four zones between the four countries. Tensions Between the East and West With the war over, tensions began to mount between the democratic countries of the west and the communist countries controlled by the Soviet Union of the east.
The west was determined to stop the spread of communism and the Marshall Plan and the Truman Doctrine made this clear. The west also wanted the country of Germany to be united under one democratic government.
The Soviet Union didn't want this. Soon the two sides were at odds over the future of Germany. The west introduced a new currency called the Deutsche Mark, but the Soviets refused to use it in their zone. Blockading Berlin The city of Berlin was an island in the middle of the Soviet controlled zone.
The west sent supplies there via railroads and roads. However, the Soviets wanted total control of Berlin.
They figured if they cut off Berlin from their external supplies and food, then it would fall under their control. On June 24, the Soviets blocked all rail and road traffic to Berlin. They cut off the electricity coming from the Soviet part of the city. They halted all traffic going in and out of the city.
The only way in was to fly. Running Out of Food When the blockade first started, the city of Berlin had around 36 days worth of food. They also needed tons of coal for energy and other items such as medical supplies.
The Airlift Without going to war or giving up the city of Berlin, the only option the western countries had was to try and fly in all the supplies. This was a huge task. There were over two million people living in the city at the time.
The army estimated that it would take over tons of food each day to keep them alive. The Soviets did not believe that an airlift would work.
They felt that the people of Berlin would eventually give up. Over the next ten months the United States and Great Britain flew aroundflights into Berlin. They carried over 2. On May 12, the Soviet Union stopped the blockade and the airlift was over. The city of Berlin was also divided in half, with East Germany eventually building the Berlin Wall to keep people from defecting.
The Soviets introduced their own currency into Germany called the Ostmark. Coal was tough to airlift because of all the dust.
After hauling coal for 1, hours, planes would weigh pounds more just from all the dust. To make the turnaround in Berlin more efficient, flight crews were not allowed to leave their planes when they landed.The Berlin Airlift was a response to the Berlin Blockade, which had been placed on West Berlin to remove the Allies' occupancy of the city.
With only 36 days worth of food, a blockade seemed like a perfect way to get rid of the Allies, but three years earlier, the Soviets had allowed the Allies a flight path to Berlin so supplies could be taken in. Facts of the Berlin Airlift -The Berlin Airlift took place between June to May -Ally airplanes carried approximately million tons of cargo during the Berlin Airlift.
Mar 09, · The Berlin Airlift: The End of the Blockade. By spring , it was clear that the Soviet blockade of West Berlin had failed.
On June 26, the largest airlift began as the American and British forces began the Berlin Airlift. To understand how the airlift came to be, we have to look all the way back to the Yalta Conference. The Yalta Conference began in February in which the three superpowers, America, Ru.
And so began the Berlin Airlift. During the eleven months ( days) of the Berlin Airlift, American and British planes supplied West Berlin with million tons of supplies, a .
Ap World History Cold War Chapters 31 and Berlin Blockade and Airlift-Lauren. The Berlin Blockade and Airlift was a crisis in which the Soviet Union tried to shut off all ties in Berlin with the Allies.
Ap World History Cold War Chapters 31 and Berlin Blockade and Airlift-Lauren. The Berlin Blockade and Airlift was a crisis in which the Soviet Union tried to shut off all ties in Berlin with the Allies. Britain and the US decided not to finance for construction of Aswan High Dam in response to Egypt's close relation with communist. Berlin Airlift Monument in Berlin-Tempelhof, displaying the names of the 39 British and 31 American airmen who lost their lives during the operation. Similar monuments can be found at the military airfield of Wietzenbruch near the former RAF Celle and at Rhein-Main Air Base. Facts of the Berlin Airlift -The Berlin Airlift took place between June to May -Ally airplanes carried approximately million tons of cargo during the Berlin Airlift.
Britain and the US decided not to finance for construction of Aswan High Dam in response to Egypt's close relation with communist.