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Effects of alcohol on the body Early signs The risk of alcohol dependence begins at low levels of drinking and increases directly with both the volume of alcohol consumed and a pattern of drinking larger amounts on an occasionto the point of intoxication, which is sometimes called "binge drinking".
Young adults are particularly at risk of engaging in binge drinking. Additionally, in pregnant women, alcohol can cause fetal alcohol syndrome.
Alcoholism is characterised by an increased tolerance to alcohol—which means that an individual can consume more alcohol—and physical dependence on alcohol, which makes it hard for an individual to control their consumption.
The physical dependency caused by alcohol can lead to an affected individual having a very strong urge to drink alcohol. These characteristics play a role in decreasing an alcoholic's ability to stop drinking.
A depressed mood is a common symptom of heavy alcohol drinkers. Short-term effects of alcohol Drinking enough to cause a blood alcohol concentration BAC of 0. A BAC of 0. A BAC from 0. With all alcoholic beverages, drinking while drivingoperating an aircraft or heavy machinery increases the risk of an accident; many countries have penalties for drunk driving.
Long-term effects See also: Long-term effects of alcohol consumption Having more than one drink a day for women or two drinks for men increases the risk of heart disease, high blood pressureatrial fibrillationand stroke.
Other physical effects include an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseasemalabsorptionalcoholic liver diseaseand several cancers.
Damage to the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system can occur from sustained alcohol consumption. Additionally, women have a higher mortality rate from alcoholism than men.
Additionally, heavy drinking over time has been found to have a negative effect on reproductive functioning in women. This results in reproductive dysfunction such as anovulationdecreased ovarian mass, problems or irregularity of the menstrual cycleand early menopause.
Equal dosages of alcohol consumed by men and women generally result in women having higher blood alcohol concentrations BACssince women generally have a higher percentage of body fat and therefore a lower volume of distribution for alcohol than men, and because the stomachs of men tend to metabolize alcohol more quickly.
Severe cognitive problems are common; approximately 10 percent of all dementia cases are related to alcohol consumption, making it the second leading cause of dementia. The social skills that are impaired by alcohol abuse include impairments in perceiving facial emotions, prosody perception problems and theory of mind deficits; the ability to understand humour is also impaired in alcohol abusers.
The most prevalent psychiatric symptoms are anxiety and depression disorders. Psychiatric symptoms usually initially worsen during alcohol withdrawal, but typically improve or disappear with continued abstinence.
Women who have alcohol-use disorders often have a co-occurring psychiatric diagnosis such as major depressionanxietypanic disorderbulimiapost-traumatic stress disorder PTSDor borderline personality disorder.
Social effects See also: Drug-related crime Serious social problems arise from alcoholism; these dilemmas are caused by the pathological changes in the brain and the intoxicating effects of alcohol.
Drinking at inappropriate times and behavior caused by reduced judgment can lead to legal consequences, such as criminal charges for drunk driving  or public disorder, or civil penalties for tortious behavior, and may lead to a criminal sentence.
An alcoholic's behavior and mental impairment while drunk can profoundly affect those surrounding him and lead to isolation from family and friends. This isolation can lead to marital conflict and divorceor contribute to domestic violence.
Alcoholism can also lead to child neglectwith subsequent lasting damage to the emotional development of the alcoholic's children. For example, they can become afraid of their parents, because of their unstable mood behaviors.- Essay #2 When it comes to the topic of alcohol addiction, which can also be called alcohol abuse, most of us will readily agree that alcohol is an addiction due to the need of reliance of using a substance to cope with traumatic events.
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Essay Contest Eligibility. The Minnesota Municipal Beverage Association offers two types of Alcohol Awareness Server Trainings for on-sale facilities, off-sale facilities, on-sale / off-sale combination facilities and special events. NAADAC, the Association for Addiction Professionals, represents the professional interests of more than , addiction counselors, educators and other addiction-focused health care professionals in the United States, Canada and abroad.
Examples from Reflection Essays Disciplinary Awareness “The research I did this summer focused on sorption of cesium and strontium by soils. Essay on Alcohol. Michael Anzilotti The Effects of Alcohol & Future Decision Making Through my Alcohol Awareness class, I learned some valuable information in statistics, such as Scientists once believed that human brains reached their maximum growth in childhood; however, recent research indicates that brain development continues until about age